Impactful Research

Click on the headers below to jump to research published on the topic.


Culturally Competent Care Articles

AAOS Culturally Competent Care Guidebook 
Edited by Ramon Jimenez, MD and Valerae Lewis, MD

Perspectives of Orthopedic Surgeons on Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Care.
Adelani MA, O'Connor MI.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2017 Aug;4(4):758-762. doi: 10.1007/s40615-016-0279-z. Epub 2016 Aug 29.
Pubmed ID:27571957

Can Strategic Pipeline Initiative Increase Number of Women and Underrepresented Minorities in Orthopaedic Surgery?
Mason BS, Ross W, Ortega G, Chambers MC, Parks ML.

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2016 Sep;474(9):1979-85. doi: 10.1007/s11999-016-4846-8.

Lack of diversity in orthopaedic trials conducted in the United States.
Somerson JS, Bhandari M, Vaughan CT, Smith CS, Zelle BA.

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Apr 2;96(7):e56. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.M.00531. Review.

Ethnic and racial disparities in diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up care.
Pierce RO Jr.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S8-12.
PMID: 17766797

Disparities in orthopaedic surgical intervention.
Nelson CL.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S13-7.
PMID: 17766783

Women and minorities in orthopaedic residency programs.
Templeton K, Wood VJ, Haynes R.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S37-41.
PMID: 17766788

Cobb Institute strategies for the elimination of health disparities.
Morgan RC Jr, Davis SJ.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S59-63.

The role of the department chair in promoting diversity.
Lindsey RW.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S65-9.

Current activities in orthopaedic culturally competent care education.
Jimenez RL.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S76-9.

Culturally competent care educationoverview and perspectives.
White AA 3rd, Hoffman HL.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S80-5.

Diversity in Orthopaedic Training Programs

National Orthopedic Residency Attrition: Who Is At Risk?
Bauer JM, Holt GE.

J Surg Educ. 2016 Sep-Oct;73(5):852-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2016.03.010. Epub 2016 May 20.

Impact of a Musculoskeletal Clerkship on Orthopedic Surgery Applicant Diversity.
London DA, Calfee RP, Boyer MI.

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2016 Sep/Oct;45(6):E347-E351.

Has diversity increased in orthopaedic residency programs since 1995?
Daniels EW, French K, Murphy LA, Grant RE.

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2012 Aug;470(8):2319-24. doi: 10.1007/s11999-012-2259-x.

Racial and ethnic diversity in orthopaedic surgery residency programs.
Okike K, Utuk ME, White AA.

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Sep 21;93(18):e107. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.K.00108.

Improving diversity in orthopaedic residency programs.
Gebhardt MC.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S49-50.


Race, Postoperative Complications, and Death in Apparently Healthy Children.
Nafiu OO, Mpody C, Kim SS, et al.
Pediatrics August 2020, 146 (2) e20194113; DOI:

Race Independently Predicts Unsuccessful Healing of Osteochondritis Dissecans in the Pediatric Knee.
Gandhi JS, Ganley TJ.
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine 2019.



Complications and Mortality in Cervical Spine Surgery: Racial Differences.
Skolasky RL, Thorpe RJ, Wegener ST, Riley LH.
Spine: August 15, 2014 - Volume 39 - Issue 18 - p 1506-1512. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000429


Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Geographic Access to Trauma Care—A Multiple-Methods Study of US Urban Trauma Deserts.
Knowlton, LM.
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190277. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0277

Ethnic Disparities in Initial Management of Trauma Patients in a Nationwide Sample of Emergency Department Visits.
Shahi S, Gentilello.
Arch Surg. 2008;143(11):1057-1061.

Foot & Ankle

Adult Reconstruction

Racial and ethnic differences in osteoporosis.
Thomas PA.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S26-30.

Utilization of joint arthroplasty: racial and ethnic disparities in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System.
Rowley DL, Jenkins BC, Frazier E.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S43-8.

Racial and ethnic disparities in hip and knee joint replacement: a review of research in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System.
Ibrahim SA.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S87-94.

Orthopaedic Oncology

Perspectives on health disparities in orthopaedic oncology.
Gebhardt MC.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007;15 Suppl 1:S5-7.

Sports Medicine

Evaluation for Racial Disparities in Patients Presenting for Sports Medicine Knee Surgery.
Wentt C, Jones M, Strnad G, et al (2020). Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine.